Sustentabilidad

Vivienda autosustentable Hous.E+

Hous.E+, Polifactory

El estudio de arquitectos Polifactory ha desarrollado una vivienda auto sostenible, diseñada para una competición en Vancouver  llamada “Casa 100 millas”. La vivienda esta  diseñada combinando técnicas nuevas y antiguas con el fin de crear una alta eficiencia energética.

Las habitaciones de la vivienda se ubican a 2,5 metros bajo el nivel del suelo con dos patios a ese nivel que permiten el ingreso de luz natural. Los muros están realizados con una técnica de tierra apisonada que no es afectada por la lluvia, el fuego o las plagas, y tampoco requiere ningún tratamiento adicional, evitando de este modo el transporte innecesario de materiales. Estas paredes trabajan como una masa térmica que almacena calor en invierno y lo rechaza en verano.

HOUS.E+ genera energía a partir de una pileta ubicada en el techo del volumen principal, utilizando turbinas empotradas en las paredes para producir electricidad, a partir de agua que se bombea a través de un sistema de tuberías. La electricidad adicional se provee con paneles fotovoltaicos, ubicados sobre la cubierta de los bloques que se levantan por encima del nivel de agua. Los habitantes pueden producir sus propios alimentos mediante el cultivo de un Ecosistema de pescados, mariscos y plantas bajo la superficie del agua.

Marcelo Gardinetti, 2012©

Hous.E+ está diseñado para combinar nuevas y viejas técnicas con el fin de crear no sólo un edificio con recursos en cuanto a eficiencia energética y sostenibilidad, sino también bien equipado para responder activamente a las futuras demandas de sistemas de redes inteligentes en los que el excedente de energía se distribuye y la agricultura dentro de la ciudad es una realidad.
Diseñado para un concurso en Vancouver, llamado “100 Mile House”, este proyecto es más que un concepto, es una realidad con un giro. Por lo tanto, se basa en tecnologías inteligentes existentes, pero va un paso más allá en soluciones que no han sido exploradas hasta ahora. En esta casa el agua no sólo se almacena y reutiliza, sino que también forma parte de un ciclo que genera energía a través de una serie de micro-hidroturbinas empotradas en la pared. El transporte innecesario de materiales es evitar hacer una diferencia significativa en el balance general de emisiones de la huella de carbono.
Hous.E+ se basa en una técnica de muros de tierra apisonada que no se ve afectada por la lluvia, el fuego o las plagas, además de que no requiere ningún otro tipo de acabado. Las paredes actúan como estructuras respiratorias, permitiendo el intercambio de aire sin pérdidas significativas de calor, funcionando naturalmente como una masa térmica, almacenando calor en invierno y rechazándolo en verano, eliminando la necesidad de aire acondicionado.

©Polifactory

Hous.E+ is designed to combine new and old techniques in order to create a not only a resourceful building regarding energy efficiency and sustainability but also well equipped to actively respond to future demands of smart grid systems where energy surplus is distributed and agriculture within the city is a reality.

Designed for a competition in Vancouver, called “100 Mile House”, this project is more than just a concept, but reality with a twist. Therefore, it is based upon existing smart technologies, but goes a step further on solutions that haven’t been explored so far. In this house water is not only stored and re-used but also is part of a cycle that generates power throughout a series of wall embedded micro hydro-turbines. Unnecessary transportation of materials is avoid making a significant difference into the overall carbon foot print emission balance.

Hous.E+ is build upon a rammed earth wall technique that is unaffected by rain, fire or pests, plus it doesn’t require any further finishing. The walls act like breathing structures, allowing air exchange without significant heat loss, working naturally as a thermal mass, storing heat in winter and rejecting in the summer, eliminating the need for air conditioning.

Fotografías: ©Polifactory

 

 

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